Question 1

• Describe from the origins or history of the mental disorders. What is sleep disorders? Who discovered that it was a disorder? How long has sleep disorders been around? What is the cause of sleep disorders? In 18th century sleep study became a main focal point to the world of medical research study. Thanks to individuals like Jean Jacques d’Ortuous de Marian, who conducted research on plants which led to the inspiration of sleep research. Jean had realized in his plant study that plants show growth even in the dark hours. Throughout history many had attributed to the psychology of understanding sleep disorder as we know it today. In mid-1800’s Dr. John Davy made the connection regarding sleep patterns and body temperatures. Henri Pieron became the author of “The Physiological Problem of Sleep.” Pieron; the French Researcher listed several issues regarding sleep apnea. The Romanian Neurologist Constantin von Economo gave the understanding of the brain playing a role in regarding our sleep. The information in those prior years led to Dr. Nathaniel Kleitman establishing the first sleep lab at the University of Chicago. The milestone for sleep study constantly making the stamps on history that led to our current sleep psychology. In learning the history and origin of depression its best to have known that clinical depression was first referred to by the name melancholia. It was first discovered by Burton that melancholy could be disrupted and disengaged through proper sleep, music, healthy eating, and more. Throughout history many psychiatrists, scholars, and more had shared their take on depressive disorder. One of the many was known other than the Sigmund Freud. Sigmund’s take on depressive disorder relied heavily on capitalizing on the seriousness of this disorder by comparing it to be worse than mourning a death of a loved one. • Describe the psychological theory or theories that relate to the mental disorders, especially in the areas of diagnosis and treatments. In discussing the theories that surround why we don’t sleep; lets first start on the theories regarding why we do. It helps us restore ourselves with that 6-8hr break from our day and restore. In the realm of adaptive theory of sleep; it mentions conserving energy when we sleep. The list goes on regarding the theories regarding why we sleep. What’s the theory behind sleep disorders? While not as many associated theories on why one can’t sleep; but it can be said it relates to it conflicting with all the theories regarding why we sleep. According to DSM-5; details difficulty sleeping, returning to sleep after a break of rest, maintaining rest, or early morning awakening as key leading indications of sleep disorders. In gathering more understanding about depressive disorder, it shows depressed moods constantly dramatic weight loss or increased appetite to be among the many symptoms. Also, a reduction in clear thinking, refluxes, inadequate, overly fatigued, or lack of concentration. The symptoms can be one or more. In never undermining the fact that suicidal could be one of them. • Describe the difference, if any in age of onset diagnostic criteria based on gender. According to the research found by American Psychiatric Association there’s a one-third ratio of adults that had been reported as in having the symptoms of insomnia. 30% of all American adults are getting approximately less than six hours of sleep. Teenagers that eight hours of sleep on school nights average about 30% total. DSM-5 in pertaining to depressive disorder it first requires 5 or more symptoms. One of the criteria within DSM-5 for depressive disorder involves Anhedonia or high level of depressed mode. The criterion on the secondary involves creating a divide between somatic and non-somatic clusters (Julio Tolentino, 2018). Measuring out someone depression in how severe it is; has constantly been an unanswered question. • Explain the potential impact of the mental disorders on the individual and his or her family. Individuals suffering with sleep disorder conditions can affect their families negatively without question. Once it because evident that somethings off about the individual whose suffering it can leave the family fearful of the potential harm that lies ahead of their loved one due to lack of awareness. It can upset those family and friends who wish to be around you, but your lack rest will not allow you to have the best attitude. Depressive disorder can have a major impact on the family; especially if you’re a parent. Family will begin to exhaust themselves on ways to make you happy. You run the high risk of alarming your family/friends with the thought you may mean yourself harm. • Explain the social perceptions of the mental disorders from stigma to advocacy. The stigma’s associated with sleep disorders or even depressive disorder cannot become clearer without discussing what are stigmas. Stigmas are categorized as a problem that often complicates a preexisting chronic illness. Sleep disorders often get stigmatized due to the fact of its inability to exhibit the natural processes of the role known as sleeping. The stigma associated with depressive disorders are quite enormous as opposed to some other chronic disease such heart disease. One of the main reasons its so heavily condemned is mainly because not everyone respects the one who might be suffering to have a legitimate reason to be depressed. Examples such as someone who is considered beautiful, talented, famous, well educated, wealthy, or even someone deemed as an ideal role model aren’t permitted in our today’s society to suffer from depression. It’s mainly because it comes off too many onlookers as a need for more attention rather than a desperate out cry for help. • Write a summary for each of the journal articles found. The first article we learn about the importance of sleep and the interference of quality sleep. We also understand how lack of sleep can be associated with other diseases such as hypertension. The number of vital improvements that occur when well rested could help you from developing other mental disorders or their symptoms, such as, anxiety or even depression. In our second scholarly article we dive deeper in how vital sleep is. It speaks on how operating within a deficit of a proper rest is dangerous. You must find a balance between quality and quantity. A few details more about sleep disruptions from a short term to a long-term standpoint. Lastly, we will observe the article that gives a full break down of sleep and all the disorders associated with not getting enough of it. In our first article regarding depressive disorder, we observe what’s known as MDD (Mistreatment of Major Depressive Disorder). We look at how you address MDD and how you treat it. In the second article we learn the key indicators that someone has major depressive disorder and how to go about acknowledging it. Lastly; we look even closer at the affects of MDD. We find in this article statistics to back the claims of the growing number of people suffering with MDD and how to educate ourselves.

• Describe from the origins or history of the mental disorders. What is sleep disorders? Who ...